延續性動詞-延續性動詞和持續性動詞的區別

Hitalk英語 · 2020-08-05


共找到6個和延續性動詞相關的問題和 25條解答,可以點擊下面的問題,查看更多相關信息。

回答內容僅供參考

英語中,延續性動詞和非延續性動詞如何區別

延續性動詞有哪些

延續性動詞和非延續性動詞轉換規律

延續性動詞有哪些

延續性動詞有哪些?

延續性動詞和持續性動詞的區別

  • 英語中,延續性動詞和非延續性動詞如何區別
    蕓春回復:

    思考這個動作是否能 延續, 是否能持續一段時間,還是只能發 生在一瞬間。表現形式就是這 個動詞相關的時間狀語。

    比如,die。他5天前死了 He died 5 days ago. ?“死”不能一直死來死去的。ago是表示多久前的那個時間點。

    而睡覺,他睡了5天,就是延續性。He has slept for 5days. for就是延續了5天。

    延續性動詞表示能夠延續的動作,這種動作可以延續下去或產生持久影響。

    如:stay, live, learn, study, work, wait, watch, sing, read等。

    短暫性動詞也稱非延續性動詞、瞬間動詞,表示不能延續的動作,這種動作發生后立即結束。

    如open, close, finish, begin, come, go, arrive, reach, get to, leave, move, borrow, buy, die等。?

    現在完成時常跟表示一段時間的時間狀語,如“for +一段時間”、“since +時間點”、“during the past+一段時間 ”等,因此謂語必須是一種狀態或表示延續性的動作,具體來說,它必須是延續性動詞及其短語、短暫性動詞及其短語的否定式,或表示狀態的詞或短語。

    擴展資料

    時態是英語謂語動詞的一種形式,表示動作發生的時間和所處的狀態.英語中的時態是通過動詞形式本身的變化來實現的。中學階段較常用的有十種:一般現在時,一般過去時,一般將來時,過去將來時,現在進行時,過去進行時,將來進行時,過去完成時,現在完成時和現 在完成進行時、

    時態一致

    1) 如果從句所敘述的為真理或不變的事實,則永遠用現在時。

    At that time,people did not know that the earth moves.

    He told me last week that he is eighteen.

    2)賓語從句中的助動詞ought,need,must,dare 時態是不變的。

    He thought that I need not tell you the truth.

    時態與時間狀語

    時間狀語

    一般現在時 every …,sometimes, at+時間,on+時間,today,now

    一般過去時 yesterday,last+時間,時間+ago,the other day,in+過去的時間,just now

    一般將來時 next+時間,tomorrow,in+將來的時間,

    現在完成時for,since,so far,ever,never,just,yet,till/until,up to now,in past+時間,already,recently

    過去完成時 before,by,until,when,after,once,as soon as

    過去進行時this morning,the whole morning,all day,yesterday,from+時間 to+時間 last +時間… when,while

    將來進行時 soon,tomorrow,this evening,on+時間,by this time,in+將來的時間,tomorrow evening,this coming Sunday.

    參考資料動詞_百度百科



    (一)概念不同:1.延續性動 詞形容能夠延續的一段 動作。2.非延續性動詞表示的 動作不能延續,動作在某個時間點發生。(二)用法不同:1.延續性動詞在現在完成時的句子中使用,與表示"一段時間"的狀語一起用。延續性動詞不能與表示某個時間點的"點時間"狀語連用。eg:I have learned Chinese since I came here.自從我來到這兒就學漢語了。2.終止性動詞可以表示已經完成的動作,因此可用于現在完成時。終止性動詞表示的動作很短暫,不能延續,則不能與表示時間延續的狀語連用。eg:It is five days since he came to China.? 他來中國已經五天了。擴展資料延續性動詞與非延續動詞的部分轉換:1.leave --- be away,2.borrow --- keep,3.buy --- have,4.begin/start --- be on,5.die --- be dead,6.finish --- be over7.join --- be on+組織機構, be a member of+組織機構,8.open sth --- keep sth open,9.fall ill --- be ill10.get up---be up等。參考資料:百度百科-延續性動詞? 百度百科-非延續性動詞

    漫心回復:

    動詞按其動 作發生的方式、動作發生過程的長 短,可分為延續性 動詞和終止性動詞。延續 性動詞又名持續性動詞,它表示能夠延續的動作,這種動作可以長時間延續下去或產生持久的影響。英語中的延續性動詞比較多,如work, stand, lie, know等。1. He worked all day in the laboratory. 他在實驗室干了一天。2. I waited for you for more than half an hour. 我等你等了半個多小時了。表示時間段的短語有:for+ 時間,for 2 years; since從句,since he came here; since+時間點名詞,since last year, since 5 days ago; how long; for a long time等。終止性動詞也稱非延續性動詞、瞬間動詞或點動詞,表示不能延續的動作,這種動作發生后立即結束。 如:open, die, close, begin, finish, come, go, move, borrow, lend, buy,arrive等。 [1]非延續性動詞在肯定句中與表示時間點的狀語連用,如:two years ago; at 5 o"clock;例:He died 5 years ago.否定的終止性動詞可以與表示時間段的時間狀語連用。例:I haven"t left here for 3 years. I haven"t heard from him for 3 weeks.

    馨林回復:

    思考這個 動作是否能延續,是否 能持續一段時間,還是只能發 生在一瞬間。表現形式就 是這個動詞相關的時間狀語。比如,die。他5天前死了 He died 5 days ago. “死”不能一直死來死去的。ago是表示多久前的那個時間點。而睡覺,他睡了5天,就是延續性。He has slept for 5days. for就是延續了5天。延續性動詞表示能夠延續的動作,這種動作可以延續下去或產生持久影響。如:stay, live, learn, study, work, wait, watch, sing, read等。短暫性動詞也稱非延續性動詞、瞬間動詞,表示不能延續的動作,這種動作發生后立即結束。如open, close, finish, begin, come, go, arrive, reach, get to, leave, move, borrow, buy, die等?,F在完成時常跟表示一段時間的時間狀語,如“for +一段時間”、“since +時間點”、“during the past+一段時間 ”等,因此謂語必須是一種狀態或表示延續性的動作,具體來說,它必須是延續性動詞及其短語、短暫性動詞及其短語的否定式,或表示狀態的詞或短語。

  • 延續性動詞表 示能夠延續的動作,這種動作可 以延續下去或產生持久 影響。如:learn,work,stand,lie,know,walk,keep,have,wait,watch,sing,read,sleep,live,stay等。1.延續性動詞可以用于現在完成時,其完成時態可與表示"段時間"的狀語連用。表示"段時間"的短語有:fortwoyears,duringthepastthreeyears,sincelastyear,howlong等。如:IhavelearnedEnglishsinceIcamehere.自從我來到這兒就學英語了。2.延續性動詞不能與表示短暫時間的"點時間"狀語連用。如:Itraindateightyesterdaymorning.(誤)rain為延續性動詞,而ateight表示"點時間",前后顯然矛盾。如果用延續性動詞表示一瞬間的動作,可以借助come,begin,get等終止性動詞來表示。上句可改為:Itbegantorainateightyesterdaymorning.(正)又如:-WhendidyougettoknowJack?-Twoyearsago.-Thenyou"veknowneachotherformorethantwoyears.-That"sright.

    詩媛回復:

    a)用延續性動詞代替終止 性動詞

    1、用 have代替buy

    My brother has had(不能用 has bought) this bike for almost four years.

    2、用 keep或have代替borrow

    I have kept(不能用have borrowed) the book for quite a few days.

    3、用be替代become

    How long has your sister been a teacher?

    4、用have a cold代替catch a cold

    Tom has had a cold since the day before yesterday.

    5、用wear代替put on

    b)用“be+形容詞”代終止性動詞

    1、be+married代marry 2、be+ill代fall (get) ill

    3、be+dead代die 4、be+asleep代fall (get) asleep

    5、be+awake代wake/wake up 6、be+gone代lose,die,sell,leave

    7、be+open代open 8、be closed代close/shut

    9、be+missing(gone,lost)代lose

    c)用“be+副詞”代終止性動詞

    1“be+on”代start,begin

    2“be+up”代get up

    3“be+back(to)”代return to,come back to,go back to

    4“be here (there)”代come(arrive,reach,get) here或go (arrive,reach,get) there等等

    d)用“be+介詞短語”代終止性動詞

    1.“be in/at +地點”代替go to /come to

    2.用be in the army 代替join the army

    3.“be in/at +地點”代替move to



    常用的就是:leave→be away, borrow→keep, buy→have, begin/start→be on, die→be dead, move to→live in, finish→be over, join→be in/be a member of, open sth.→keep sth. open, fall ill→be ill, get up→be up, catch a cold→have a cold。

    華玉回復:

    動詞按其動作發生的方式、發生 過程的長短可分為延續 性動詞與非延續性動詞。

    一 .延續性動詞表示能夠延續的動作,如:learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep, have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live, stay等。延續性動詞可以與表示時間段的狀語連用。

    表示時間段的短語有:for+一段時間,for 2 years; since從句,since he came here; since+時間點名詞,since last year, since 5 days ago; how long; for a long time等。

    例:He has lived here for 6 years.

    You can keep the book for 5 days.

    I stayed there for 2 weeks last year.

    How long did you stay there last year?



    二.非延續性動詞也稱終止性動詞、瞬間動詞,表示不能延續的動作,這種動作發生后立即結束。 如:open, die, close, begin, finish, come, go, move, borrow, lend, buy等。 非延續性動詞在肯定句中與表示時間點的狀語連用,如:two years ago; at 5 o"clock;

    例:He died 5 years ago.

    否定的終止性動詞可以與表示時間段的時間狀語連用。

    例:I haven"t left here for 3 years.

    I haven"t heard from him for 3 weeks.



    三.延續性動詞與非延續性動詞之間的轉換:

    leave --- be away, borrow --- keep, buy --- have,

    begin/start --- be on, die --- be dead,

    finish --- be over, join --- be in+組織機構,

    be a member of+組織機構, open sth --- keep sth open,

    fall ill --- be ill, get up---be up, catch a cold --- have a cold,

    come here --- be here, go there --- be there, become --- be,

    come back --- be back, fall asleep --- be asleep,

    get to/ arrive/reach --- be (in), leave --- be away from,

    get to know --- know, go (get) out →be out, put on→ wear;

    catch a cold →have a cold等。



    例:The old man died 4 years ago.

    ---The old man has been dead for 4 years.

    ---- It is 4 years since the old man died.

    ----Four years has passed since the old man died.



    He joined the Party 2 years ago.

    -----He has been in the Party for 2 years.



    I bought the book 5 days ago.

    ---- I have had the book for 5 days.

    春依回復:

    一.延續性動詞表示能夠延續的動作

      如:learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep, have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live, stay等。 延續性動 詞可以與表示時間段的狀語連用。   表示時間段的短語有:for+ 時間,for 2 years; since從句,since he came here; since+時間點名詞,since last year, since 5 days ago; how long; for a long time等。   例:He has lived here for 6 years. You can keep the book for 5 days. I stayed there for 2 weeks last year. How long did you stay there last year?

    二.非延續性動詞也稱終止性動詞、瞬間動詞

      表示不能延續的動作,這種動作發生后立即結束。 如:open, die, close, begin, finish, come, go, move, borrow, lend, buy等。   非延續性動詞在肯定句中與表示時間點的狀語連用,如:two years ago; at 5 o"clock;   例:He died 5 years ago.   否定的終止性動詞可以與表示時間段的時間狀語連用。例:I haven"t left here for 3 years. I haven"t heard from him for 3 weeks.

    三.延續性動詞與非延續性動詞之間的轉換

      leave --- be away, borrow --- keep, buy --- have, begin/start --- be on, die --- be dead, finish --- be over, join --- be in+組織機構, be a member of+組織機構, open sth --- keep sth open, fall ill --- be ill, get up---be up, come here --- be here, go there --- be there, become --- be, come back --- be back, fall asleep --- be asleep, get to/ arrive/reach --- be (in), leave --- be away from, get to know --- know, go (get) out →be out, put on→ wear;catch a cold →have a cold,get married---be married等。 例:The old man died 4 years ago. ----The old man has been dead for 4 years. ---- It is 4 years since the old man died. ----Four years has passed since the old man died. He joined the Party 2 years ago. -----He has been in the Party for 2 years. I bought the book 5 days ago. ---- I have had the book for 5 days.

    曦麗回復:

    延續性動詞表示 能夠延續的動作如:learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep, have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live, stay等。延 續性動詞可以與表示時間段的 狀語連用。 表示時間段的短語有:for+ 時間,for 2 years; since從句,since he came here; since+時間點名詞,since last year, since 5 days ago; how long; for a long time等。 例:He has lived here for 6 years. You can keep the book for 5 days. I stayed there for 2 weeks last year. How long did you stay there last year?

  • 1、非延續性動詞轉化 為延續性動詞, 用于現在完成時。例如: borrow借-keep保存,buy買-have擁有,put on穿上(強 調動作)-wear穿上(強調狀態) get to sleep睡覺-sleep睡覺。2.、非延續性動詞轉化為“be+形容詞/副詞/介詞/名詞等”。例如:start/begin-be on 開始 ―go out-be out出去。擴展資料1、在否定句中,非延續性動詞是可以與時間段連用的。I haven’t borrowed books from the library?since last year.自去年以來我就沒有在圖書館借過書。2、?瞬間動詞不可以用于有段時間的現在完成時態中,因此,若要解決這一問題,就應把它改為相應的延續性動詞或短語。3、?有一些動詞是瞬間動詞,也叫非延續性動詞,這些動詞一發生就結束了,常見的有:come, go, arrive, reach, leave,begin, start, buy, join, die, borrow, get up, become, open, stop等。

    華玉回復:

    延續性動詞和非延續性動詞的相互轉換

    舒婷回復:

    延續性動詞與非延 續性動詞之間的轉換:

    leave → be away離開 ;

    borrow → keep借 ;

    buy → have買;

    begin/start → be on開始/上演;

    die → be dead;

    finish /end /stop→ be over結束/完成;

    join → be in+組織機構或be a member of+組織機構;

    open/close sth → keep sth open/closed;

    fall ill → be ill;

    get up → be up;

    catch /get a cold → have a cold感冒;

    come here → be here;

    go there → be there;

    become → be成為;

    come back → be back;

    fall asleep → be asleep睡著;

    get to/ arrive/reach → be (in);

    leave → be away from;

    get to know → know;

    go (get) out → be out;

    put on → wear;

    go to school → be in school/be a student上學;

    go abroad → be abroad去國外;

    marry → be married(to)結婚;

    wake up → be awake 醒;

    make friends with → be friends with成為/交朋友;

    lose → be lost /be missing /be gone 丟失;

    lose one"s job /work → be out of work /a job等。

    請看例句1.

    The old man died 4 years ago.

    → The old man has been dead for 4 years. → It is 4 years since the old man died.

    → Four years has passed since the old man died.



    請看例句2.He joined the Party 2 years ago.

    → He has been in the Party for 2 years. →He has been a Party member for 2 years.



    請看例句3. He joined the army 5 years ago.

    → He has been in the army for 5 years. → He has served in the army for 5 years. →He has been a soldier for 5 years.



    請看例句4.I bought the book 5 days ago.

    → I have had the book for 5 days.

    萱欣回復:

    延續性動詞和非延續性動詞的相互轉換在現在完 成時態中與時間段連用時,非延 續性動詞需轉 換為延續性動詞或表狀態的動詞buy買----→ haveborrow借----→keepleave離開-----→be away (from)begin開始,上演----→ be ondie死亡-----→be deadopen 開業→ be open;close關門→be closedjoin+組織機構 加入某組織機構→be in+ 組織機構/ be a member of +組織機構fall ill生病----→be ill ;fall behind落后→be behind,fall in love with-愛上---→be in love with;fall asleep睡著,入睡---→be asleepbecome成為,變成----→bearrive in/get to/ reach到達---→be in/at +地點go/come to去/來---→be in;come back回來----→be backmake friends with與某人交朋友----→be friends withget to know了解,認識----→know;get up起床----→be up;catch a cold感冒----→have a coldwake up 醒---→ be awake

    延續性與 非延續性動詞的轉換只能換單詞。

    • 比如:

    1. leave → be away離開;

    2. borrow → keep借;

    3. buy → have買;

    4. begin/start → be on開始 /上演;

    5. finish /end /stop→ be over結束/完成;

    6. join → be in+組織機構或be a member of+組織機構;

    7. catch /get a cold → have a cold感冒;

    8. become → be成為;

    9. come back → be back;

    10. fall asleep → be asleep睡著;

    11. go to school → be in school/be a student上學;

    12. go abroad → be abroad去國外;

    13. marry → be married(to)結婚;

    14. wake up → be awake 醒;

    15. make friends with → be friends with成為/交朋友;

    16. lose → be lost /be missing /be gone 丟失;

    17. lose one"s job /work → be out of work /a job等。

    • 例句:

    1.The old man died 4 years ago.

    → The old man has been dead for 4 years. → It is 4 years since the old man died.

    → Four years has passed since the old man died.

    2.He joined the Party 2 years ago.

    → He has been in the Party for 2 years. →He has been a Party member for 2 years.



    3. He joined the army 5 years ago.

    → He has been in the army for 5 years. → He has served in the army for 5 years. →He has been a soldier for 5 years.



    4. I bought the book 5 days ago.

    → I have had the book for 5 days.



  • 華玉回復:

    a)用延續性動詞代替終止性動詞

    1、用have代替buy

    My brother has had(不能用has bought) this bike for almost four years.

    2、用keep或have代替borrow

    I have kept(不能用have borrowed) the book for quite a few days.

    3、用be替代become

    How long has your sister been a teacher?

    4、用have a cold代替catch a cold

    Tom has had a cold since the day before yesterday.

    5、用wear代替put on

    b)用“be+形容詞”代終止性動詞

    1、be+married代marry 2、be+ill代fall (get) ill

    3、be+dead代die 4、be+asleep代fall (get) asleep

    5、be+awake代wake/wake up 6、be+gone代lose,die,sell,leav

    采倩回復:

    ?????? 延續性動詞表示的動作不但可以延續,而且可以產生持久的影響。常見的這類動詞有:be,have,keep,know,learn,lie,live,read,sing,sleep,stand,stay,wait,walk,watch等。延續性動詞的用法很廣,但常見于現在完成時中的句子中,且常與for,how,long,since等引導的表示一段時間的狀語或狀語從句連用。

    雯露回復:

    動詞按其動作發生的方式、發生過程的長短可分為延續性動詞與非延續性動詞。

    一.延續性動詞表示能夠延續的動作,如:learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep, have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live, stay等。延續性動詞可以與表示時間段的狀語連用。

    表示時間段的短語有:for+一段時間,for 2 years; since從句,since he came here; since+時間點名詞,since last year, since 5 days ago; how long; for a long time等。

    例:He has lived here for 6 years.

    You can keep the book for 5 days.

    I stayed there for 2 weeks last year.

    How long did you stay there last year?



    二.非延續性動詞也稱終止性動詞、瞬間動詞,表示不能延續的動作,這種動作發生后立即結束

    嘉珊回復:

    一.延續性動詞表示能夠延續的動作

      如:learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep, have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live, stay等。延續性動詞可以與表示時間段的狀語連用。   表示時間段的短語有:for+ 時間,for 2 years; since從句,since he came here; since+時間點名詞,since last year, since 5 days ago; how long; for a long time等。   例:He has lived here for 6 years. You can keep the book for 5 days. I stayed there for 2 weeks last year. How long did you stay there last year?

    二.非延續性動詞也稱終止性動詞、瞬間動詞

      表示不能延續的動作,這種動作發生后立即結束。 如:open, die, close, begin, finish, co

    香沛回復:

    延續性動詞表示能夠延續的動作

    如:learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep, have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live, stay等。延續性動詞可以與表示時間段的狀語連用。 表示時間段的短語有:for+ 時間,for 2 years; since從句,since he came here; since+時間點名詞,since last year, since 5 days ago; how long; for a long time等。 例:He has lived here for 6 years. You can keep the book for 5 days. I stayed there for 2 weeks last year. How long did you stay there last year?

    春依回復:

    leave --- be away, borrow --- keep, buy --- have, begin/start --- be on, die --- be dead, finish --- be over, join --- be in+組織機構, be a member of+組織機構, open sth --- keep sth open, fall ill --- be ill, get up---be up, catch a cold --- have a cold, come here --- be here, go there --- be there, become --- be, come back --- be back, fall asleep --- be asleep, get to/ arrive/reach --- be (in), leave --- be away from, get to know --- know, go (get) out →be out, put on→ wear;catch a cold →have a cold,

  • 馨林回復:

    就是動作不是在一瞬間完成而需要持續一段時間的。



    例如hear,watch,swim,run,fly等等,這些動詞由于其延續性,因此可以使用進行時。

    紫涵回復:

    延續性動詞表示能夠延續的動作,這種動作可以延續下去或產生持久影響。如:learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep, have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live, stay等。

    1.延續性動詞可以用于現在完成時,其完成時態可與表示"段時間"的狀語連用。表示"段時間"的短語有:for two years, during the past three years, since last year, how long等。如:I have learned English since I came here.自從我來到這兒就學英語了。



      2.延續性動詞不能與表示短暫時間的"點時間"狀語連用。如:It raind at eight yesterday morning.(誤) rain為延續性動詞,而at eight表示"點時間",前后顯然矛盾。如果用延續性動詞表示一瞬間的動作,可以借助come, begin, get等終止性動詞來表示。上句可改為:It began to rain at eight yesterday morning.(正)又如:



      -When did you get to know Jack?



      -Two years ago.



      -Then you"ve known each other for more than two years.



      -That"s right.





    茜舒回復:

    就是動作不是在一瞬間完成而需要持續一段時間的。比如:fly swim keep come go be 等等

  • 漫梔回復:

    延續性動詞 和非延續性動詞的區別:)~~



    英語中表示動作的動詞,按其動作發生過程的長短,可分為持續性動詞和終止性動詞。持續性動詞(或稱為“延續性動詞”)表示的動作是一種延續的動作,這種動作可以延續下去或者產生持久的影響。如:learn,work,stand,lie,know,walk,have等都是延續性動詞。



    終止性動詞,亦稱為“非延續性動詞”,表示的動作不能延續,即動作結束后立即結束,產生某種結果。在有了某種結果之后,動作就不能再繼續下去。如:marry,close,die,jump,buy,borrow,start等詞,都是終止性動詞。因此,若表示狀態和持續性動作時,必須用持續性動詞。

    如:

    This book has been lying on the table for two days.這本書在桌上已經放了兩天了。

    不能說:This book has been put on the table for twodays.



    Many girls wear skirts in summer.夏天許多姑娘穿裙子。

    不能說:Many girls put on skirts in summer.

    同樣,若要表示一時性動作時,必須用終止性動詞,不可用持續性動詞。如:I put on my coat quickly and went out.我很快穿上外衣就出去了。



    不能說:I wear my coat quickly and went out.

    花鴻回復:

    延續性動詞與非延續性動詞的區別 :

    延續性動詞就是指可以延續一定時間,并且可以產生長遠影響的動詞,如be,have,stay,learn,rain,read,sing,sleep,work等。這些動詞可以與since和for連用 。

    一、延續性動詞和終止性動詞的概念 英語中,動詞按其動作發生的方式、動作發生過程的長短,可分為延續性動詞和終止性動詞。 延續性動詞表示能夠延續的動作,這種動作可以延續下去或產生持久影響。如:learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep, have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live, stay等。

    終止性動詞也稱非延續性動詞、瞬間動詞或短暫性動詞,表示不能延續的動作,這種動作發生后立即結束。如open, close, finish, begin, come, go, arrive, reach, get to, leave, move, borrow,buy等。



    二、延續性動詞的用法特征

    1.延續性動詞可以用于現在完成時,其完成時態可與表示"段時間"的狀語連用。

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